Wrinkles are a natural sign of aging, as they appear in many areas of the body, especially in areas exposed to the sun, such as the face, hand and forearm.

Although the genetic factor determines the structure and elasticity of the skin, sun exposure is the main factor that causes wrinkles, especially for fair skin, and there are other factors such as pollution and smoking that can contribute to the formation of wrinkles.

what is the cause of wrinkles?

The appearance of wrinkles is the result of a combination of factors, some of which can be controlled and some of which can be uncontrolled:

Aging: With age, skin loses some of its elasticity and becomes more fragile, loses its ability to produce the oils that keep it moist, and leads to dryness and wrinkles.

The disappearance of the layer of fat under the skin leads to sagging and makes it more prone to wrinkles and furrows.

Exposure to ultraviolet rays accelerates the signs of skin aging and is a major factor in premature aging and the appearance of wrinkles because ultraviolet rays break down connective tissue (such as collagen and elastin fibers) in the dermal layer.

Smoking: Smoking is an important factor in accelerating skin aging and contributing to the appearance of wrinkles. The reason for this is to reduce the blood supply to the skin due to smoking.

Frequent Facial Expressions: Continued use of a number of facial expressions, such as smiling and blinking, leads to the appearance of fine lines. Each time the smiling process occurs, small grooves appear in the muscle that causes them, and with age and relaxation of the skin, the grooves become more pronounced.

what is the treatment of wrinkles?

There are several methods available to treat wrinkles or at least make them less visible:

Medicated treatment:

Topical Vitamin A (retinoid): The use of this type of ointment helps to mask fine lines and wrinkles, in addition to eliminating skin spots and increasing skin softness. However, the frequent use of retinoid ointments makes the skin more sensitive to burns, so sunscreen should be used in combination with loose clothing that covers the body to protect against the sun. In addition, this ointment can cause redness and stiffness of the skin with a burning and dry feeling.

Over-the-counter anti-wrinkle ointments: The results of using these ointments depend largely on their content. While types that contain vitamin A or antioxidants are useful for masking wrinkles and fine lines. But the use of these ointments is only useful for a short period of time, as they contain only a small percentage of active ingredients, unlike medically prescribed ointments.

Surgical treatment:

Laser and radiofrequency treatment:

The use of the traumatic laser contributes to the destruction of the outer layer of the epidermis and the increase in temperature of the dermis layer, which leads to stimulating the growth of collagen fibers, and when the wound heals, the new skin formed is firmer and smoother.

Among the disadvantages of using this method: the appearance of scars and the resulting change in skin color, either to a lighter or darker degree, and the fact that the process takes several months to heal completely.

The use of non-invasive lasers has a number of advantages, as healing takes less time and is also beneficial for people with small and medium wrinkles. One of the disadvantages of this method is that it is repeated more times than the ablative laser to achieve the desired result.

Some devices use radio waves as an alternative to non-invasive lasers to achieve smoother skin.

– Chemical peeling:

Where the doctor uses a type of acid on the desired areas, to burn the outer layer of the skin (the epidermis) and remove wrinkles, pigmentation, freckles and age spots.

The attending physician may need to perform the peel several times to achieve the desired results. The resulting redness may take several weeks to completely disappear.

– Scratching of the skin:

In this process, a special type of rotating brush is used to exfoliate the outer layer of the skin, as the removal of the epidermis layer stimulates the growth of a new layer. One of the disadvantages of this method is the need to make redness, swelling and spots on the skin disappear completely for about two weeks, in addition to the need to blush for several months to also disappear.

– Scratching of fine skin:

This process is similar to a regular scraping procedure, but this technique removes only a thin layer of skin. It is harmful to use this technique because it must be repeated several times to obtain the desired results, in addition to the appearance of slight redness and a burning sensation in the affected skin areas. The final results are modest and temporary.

– Use of soft tissue fillers:

What is injected into deep or medium wrinkles causes concealment and swelling, but the swelling and bruising that appears on the injected area may require a short period of time to heal completely. In addition, this process must be repeated every few months.

– Tightening of the skin:

When heat is used to firm the skin, the results are modest to moderate and do not require a recovery period.

– Face lift:

This is a surgical procedure in which the surgeon removes loose skin and fat from the lower face and neck while tightening the layers of connective tissue and muscles under the skin. The effect of this process lasts several years, but it may take several weeks to mask the bruising and swelling resulting from the operation.

How can wrinkles be prevented

Protect your skin from the sun’s rays by reducing the amount of time you spend in the sun, wearing long-sleeved clothing, hats and sunglasses. It is important to use sunscreen ointments even in winter.

Use skin care products that contain sunscreen, as they help protect against UV rays.

Frequent use of moisturizers: because dry skin shrinks its cells, which leads to the appearance of premature aging lines. Although moisturizers do not prevent the appearance of wrinkles, their constant use masks the appearance of small wrinkles.

Avoid smoking: it leads to premature aging of the skin.

Adhere to healthy eating habits: Vitamin-rich foods, especially fruits and vegetables, help keep skin fresh.