How to take good care of sensitive skin
About half of all people suffer from sensitive skin, also known as sensitive skin. This type of skin condition has increased steadily in recent years. The signs appear mainly in the form of reddened, tight or itchy skin.
Sensitive skin reacts to the corresponding influences, which mainly have external causes. The causes are not always easy to deduce, even hormonal changes, an excessive lifestyle and stress can irritate sensitive skin. But it is often things that are directly around you, such as cold, UV rays or dry air.
This can affect individual areas of the skin or the whole body. Special skin functions can also be affected.
Symptoms of sensitive skin
The symptoms of sensitive skin are extremely complex. The skin is often tight and may also be red. In some cases, the skin is prone to dryness and itching. The skin may also become loose.
Why you must treat sensitive skin
The outer area of the skin is the natural protective layer against all negative environmental influences from the outside. This area also prevents us from losing moisture. Small cracks are common in sensitive skin types, making it easier for germs to overcome this barrier. As a result, this can lead to inflammation and infection. Sensitive skin is considered fine-pored, which promotes dryness and skin irritation. A defect in the protective function also accelerates the occurrence of the causes.
Causes of sensitive skin
The characteristics of sensitive skin are therefore very varied, but our tendency to do so is often based on a genetic predisposition. While some people visibly suffer from skin problems in dry air, wind or stressful situations, others have no problem with this.
Overview of some typical symptom situations in people with sensitive skin
- Application of a skin care product: itching, burning, irritation, redness and even pimples can occur here. You can’t avoid exchanging one set of skin care products for another.
- -Bathing and showering: Excessively long bathing and showering processes dry the skin and can also lead to redness and scaling.
- -Hot water: Anyone who exposes their sensitive skin to hot water puts unnecessary pressure on it. In addition, the skin then tends to dry out.
- Sun: Ideally, sun exposure directly on the skin should be avoided or at least sufficient sun protection should be applied. Otherwise you risk sunburn with its unpleasant consequences, such as redness, itching and scaling.
You should always bear in mind that sensitive skin reacts to stimuli more quickly than normal skin. Sunburn can occur more quickly and hot water can also be much more stressful. Sometimes there are problems when you combine skin care from different skin care series. If you stay in one skincare series, you can be sure that the ingredients will come together.
Things to consider when caring for sensitive skin
Ideally, you will find a range of skin care products adapted to the type. In fact, some of the negative skin reactions are simply due to inappropriate skin care. In many cases, switching to another product with other active ingredients is sufficient.
An unforgivable mistake would be to treat oily skin with other oily products, it seems logical that the skin may be sensitive here.
Sometimes excessive care is also responsible, so perhaps a little too much cream is applied.
As a general rule, you should choose alcohol-free cosmetic products so as not to irritate the skin unnecessarily. Alcohol can threaten the protective barrier of sensitive skin and also dry it out. The facial tonic should also not contain alcohol to avoid unnecessary irritation. Wherever possible, mild skin care products with a neutral pH should be used.
Skin care ingredients can also irritate the skin. Fragrances in particular often irritate the skin. It is best to use products that do not use perfumes, dyes and preservatives. Hypoallergenic skin care products are always recommended, especially with the addition of allantoin and thermal water. They soothe and relax the skin.
In summer, it is essential to apply appropriate sun protection. Also make sure your face cream has an appropriate sun protection factor to intercept UV rays.
Expired cosmetic products should no longer be used as they may irritate the skin unnecessarily. Even open products should not be used for too long, as they may attack the skin.
As pleasant as a skin peel may be, it is best not to use it on sensitive skin, otherwise the skin is exposed to additional irritation. Instead, you can treat yourself to a moisturizing mask from time to time.
Sensitive skin needs the right care
Sensitive skin requires special care, otherwise a wide variety of reactions quickly appear. Redness, feelings of tension or small flakes of skin may occur. Irritation and intolerance to creams and ointments are not uncommon. If too much oil is used, the face is oily, if it contains too little fat, the skin is rough.
The top layer of the skin is a protective barrier against environmental influences acting from the outside. It also prevents moisture loss from the inside. Sensitive skin, which does not receive sufficient care and moisture, often has small cracks in this stratum corneum, germs can penetrate and trigger inflammation. The sensitive protective cover is delicate and fine-pored, prone to redness and dryness. If the protective function is disrupted, it burns and tightens. In addition, sensitive skin usually reacts to conventional products with intolerances or allergies. In addition, it is very thin, therefore tends to wrinkle and quickly gives an “old” impression. Incorrect or missing active ingredients appear in the irritation, this can usually be seen first on very thin skin under the eyelid.
Sensitive skin needs relaxing and soothing care products such as thermal water, bisabolol and allantonine. If it is not well cared for, it can dry out and appear irritated. Another side effect of sensitive skin is red veins. They shimmer through the skin, appear on the cheeks and around the nose, the technical term for this is rosacea. They can be the result of an inflammatory skin disease, sensitive skin is sensitive to them. If you have sensitive skin, you can support the functions of the protective cover such as temperature regulation, fat storage and defense mechanism and thus improve the necessary barrier function.
Diet for sensitive skin
External influences can have a particularly strong negative impact on sensitive skin. It is therefore important to have a balanced diet and make sure you have plenty of fluids. Water and unsweetened teas are particularly suitable for this. The skin can only retain all its functions if it is sufficiently moisturised from the inside.
There should be plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables on the menu. Spicy spices should be used sparingly, as they can also influence our skin reactions. You should limit alcohol consumption as much as possible.
Allergic skin reaction = sensitive skin?
Anyone who suffers from a contact allergy (contact dermatitis), i.e. who reacts allergically to the touch of certain metals or substances, generally has sensitive skin. However, if you have sensitive skin, you are not automatically considered an allergy-prone person.
People with sensitive skin are not to be envied, as the skin can react immediately with embarrassing symptoms if it is not properly cared for.
It is therefore always important to ensure that care products are suitable for sensitive skin. In case of doubt, the milder product should always be preferred. You should also take care to lead a balanced life without too much stress. Exercise and sport can also have a positive effect on skin disorders. When you have finally found a suitable skin care series, you should not change it again so that you are no longer exposed to the same problems.