Dry skin is extremely annoying to those affected. Dry skin often appears a little rough, cracked, scaly, brittle and/or red. Dry skin can also accentuate wrinkles.

A lack of moisture in the skin must always be taken seriously, otherwise the protective effect is no longer fully guaranteed. The skin serves as protection against all external influences such as bacteria, pollutants, sunlight and moisture. This barrier function is no longer fully guaranteed if there is an imbalance in skin moisture.

Causes of dry skin

Age and environmental influences are two factors that greatly influence this skin type. Over time, the sebaceous glands in the dermis (also called dermis or corium) slow down their production of sebum (called the body’s natural moisturizer). The skin’s capacity to retain moisture also decreases with age. This is due to the decrease in the layer of dry skin collagen and elastin (whose function is to hold skin tissue together). When this layer begins to separate, it becomes more difficult for the skin to retain moisture. Due to the loss of moisture, the skin becomes drier.

Hormonal influences

be noticed during menopause, for example, when many women tend to dry their skin.

Other causes of skin dryness include dry and windy climates. The use of non-moisturizing soaps, dish detergents and cleansers and too much sun without proper protection can negatively affect the skin. Genetic predisposition also plays a role, e.g. a lack of urea can also cause dryness.

Of course, our lifestyle and the way we take care of our individual body also influence the dryness of our skin. Even the temperature can have an effect.

Certain diseases can also cause dry skin. Diseases such as thyroid problems, neurodermatitis or diabetes often go hand in hand with this skin problem. Some medicines also affect the level of fat and moisture in our skin.

Stressed people may experience changes in their body’s moisture balance, which can also lead to dry skin.

Effects on the hydration rate of the skin.

Clothing

Clothing should always be comfortable and breathable. This reduces the risk of skin irritation, often associated with itching and dry skin. You should also be careful to use natural materials without harmful additives.

Drinks and food

The amount of fluid provided by beverages and nutrition is essential for a balanced ratio of water in the body. A lack of it immediately leads to dry skin. So if you don’t drink enough, don’t be surprised if your skin starts to itch. However, it should be considered that excessive alcohol consumption can even dehydrate the skin.

A lack of vitamins and minerals can also lead to dry skin. This can be caused by an unbalanced diet or a weight-loss programme. Influences on the moisture content of the skin

The clothes

Clothing should always be comfortable and breathable. This reduces the risk of skin irritation, often associated with itching and dry skin. You should also be careful to use natural materials without harmful additives.

Drinks and food

The amount of fluid provided by beverages and nutrition is essential for a balanced ratio of water in the body. A lack of it immediately leads to dry skin. So if you don’t drink enough, don’t be surprised if your skin starts to itch. However, it should be considered that excessive alcohol consumption can even dehydrate the skin.

A lack of vitamins and minerals can also lead to dry skin. This can be caused by an unbalanced diet or diet.

SkinCare

It is virtually impossible for someone to achieve healthy skin without any skin care. But there are many things you can do wrong.

Depending on the respective skin type, proper skin care must also be guaranteed. For example, dry skin needs skin care products with a high fat content. This applies not only to the selected skin cream, but also, for example, washing lotions or bath additives.

But you can also do too much with skin care. It is therefore not advisable to exfoliate too often on dry skin, as the skin is already irritated.

Increased bathing can also lead to dehydration of the skin.

Detergent

We use a wide variety of cleansing agents every day that contain chemical additives that can dry out our skin. When doing so, think about other things, such as colors or laundry.

Sun

The sun has a positive effect on our body by promoting the formation of vitamin D. However, excessive exposure to the sun causes an increase in wrinkles and damage to deeper layers of the skin, which also leads to a loss of skin moisture.

Weather and Temperature

Windy areas and areas with low humidity cause dryness by depriving the skin of its natural oils.

Cold winter weather also causes skin problems. Even if you spend a lot of time at home, heaters and air conditioners can extract moisture from the air, causing dry skin.

Even in the heat, our largest organ loses moisture. Because of the higher temperatures, we sweat more and lose moisture.

How do I know if I have dry skin?

When skin is dry, the top layer of skin often peels off. In addition, the surface of the skin usually appears taut and the pores are very small. The skin is rough and possibly chapped.

Care for dry skin

If you have dry skin, you need to make sure you keep as much moisture as possible from your skin. Avoid using products that contain alcohol because alcohol dries out the skin. Be sure to pay attention to this when buying skin care products.

Dry skin will not always feel like it needs to be cleansed, but you should always cleanse the skin twice a day (morning and evening). It is best to use a mild skin care product specially developed for dry skin.

After washing your skin, use a soft towel to dry it. Afterwards, it is best to use a mild oily moisturizing cream. Manufacturers offer a wide range of suitable products, and skin creams enriched with vitamin E have proven their worth.

Measures for dry skin

Moisturizing skin care from within

Also help the skin from the inside. Drink plenty of water and increase your intake of foods with a high water content, such as cucumbers and watermelons. Most fruits and vegetables are excellent foods for moisturizing from the inside, and they are also ideal because of the important vitamins, minerals, fiber and antioxidants they contain. Antioxidants in particular help to fight skin ageing and therefore keep your skin healthy.

Older people in particular often drink too little and therefore suffer from dry skin. This also promotes the formation of wrinkles.

The right skin care

With dry skin, the skin absolutely needs agents with a high fat content. These must also be moisturizing to keep the skin hydrated for longer. If you choose care products specifically for dry skin, you can be sure that the water content of the product is not too high.

You must choose your own remedy for each part of your body. The skin on our feet has different requirements than the skin on our face or hands.

Lips in particular tend to dry quickly. But this can usually be managed well with a lip cream.

If you like to bathe, you should treat yourself to an oil bath more often, as this neutralizes the drying of the skin.

It is best to wash with mild shower lotions and offer yourself a body lotion for the shower.

Protection against the cold

Especially in winter, it is advisable to cover as many parts of the body as possible to prevent the skin from drying out.

We can’t protect our face as easily, but with an oily face cream we can protect the effects of the cold.

Sun protection

On sunny days, it is important to protect the skin from harmful UV rays to ensure optimal performance.

Why dry skin needs to be cared for

Dry skin can not only be caused by weather conditions, work areas or illness, but inadequate care is often the trigger. It is itchy and tight, is rough, brittle and cracked, and feels uncomfortable. The top layer of skin begins to loosen and the appearance slowly changes.

With dry skin that is not properly cared for, the pores become increasingly narrow and leave a feeling of tension. The skin begins to age and, due to insufficient care, more and more wrinkles are formed. But dry, shaggy skin not only causes wrinkles, it can also trigger various skin diseases, such as hypothyroidism, diabetes or Sjogren’s syndrome. On dry skin, such as the nose, ears or forehead, which is not sufficiently cared for, the sun’s rays form knots or ulcers.

Dry skin is rough due to lack of care, tears open up and gives a feeling of tension. The skin does not withstand the tension permanently, contracts and tears. As a result, open patches form that are sensitive and often start bleeding at the slightest touch. This often leads to inflammation, which can be uncomfortable and painful.

This happens very often with dry skin that is not regularly cared for. This applies particularly to striking areas such as the face, elbow, arms, hands and lower legs. With insufficient care, dry skin is noticeably thinner and more sensitive, looks like parchment, itches and cracks. Dandruff is often dry and non-removable, appearing as spots and completely changing the complexion. The protective function of the skin is destroyed and germs and bacteria penetrate the body much faster.

Should you consult a doctor or beautician if your skin is dry?

First of all, almost anyone can try to control the problem of dry skin. Appropriate care products for oily skin are also available. The higher the fat content, the better for very dry skin.

A beautician is usually very good at finding the right care products for her clients. The possible lack of fluid supply from the inside is usually not her specialty. Hence the advice to try it at home with the right combination of skin care products and sufficient hydration with drinks.

Of course, it is advisable to consult a doctor if dry skin is accompanied by other illnesses. This applies, for example, to neurodermatitis, but also to rashes and other physical problems that are not suspected in connection with dry skin, such as headaches or rapid weight loss.

The different causes of skin dryness can be treated

In summary, we can say that all the stimuli we are exposed to daily, but also all other external influences that affect the dryness of our skin.

Each person reacts very individually to the respective circumstances.

In order to keep the skin healthy, it is important to counter this with appropriate care. Thanks to a wide range of offers, this is easily possible.