Human skin is a sensitive organ that must always withstand different environmental conditions. But our cells cannot always keep the natural skin barrier intact and balance the water and lipid balance. This results in different problems that everyone has had to deal with.

1. Pimples and blackheads

Blemishes are particularly common at puberty, as the hormonal change in the body stimulates the production of sebum and the skin becomes greasy more quickly. If the top layer of the skin is horny, sebum cannot escape and bacteria penetrate the skin.

As a result, small blackheads or inflammations occur, which can sometimes form pus.

Preventive measures

    The first rule of thumb to prevent the spread and inflammation of pimples is: stay away from your face! As soon as you recognize a pimple, you should avoid pressing prematurely, especially with unwashed hands. It is best to clarify the affected area with a gentle cleansing at neutral pH and then buffer it with tea tree oil to kill bacteria.

    Anyone who tends to have blackheads and pimples more often can use gentle peels to prevent cornification.

Special case: acne

Due to its high inflammability, acne can be differentiated from common pimples and blackheads, as it is a recognized and widespread skin disease. Different types occur, e.g. also called late acne – acne, in which the diseases differ considerably from each other. Unlike common skin problems, acne cannot be cured, but can be successfully treated with therapy.

2. Scaly skin and dryness

In the long term, cold or dry, hot heated air may mean that the skin’s natural fat production is no longer sufficient to compensate for excessive stress.

Especially during the cold autumn and winter months, the skin tends to dry out, become brittle and crack. It is also easier to get embarrassing redness such as rashes.

Preventive measures

    Drink a lot! Those who drink enough fluids, in the form of water or unsweetened fruit juices or teas, support the human skin from the inside. In addition, dry skin is an indication that the water balance throughout the body is clearly too low.

    Proper care is particularly important during the winter months: a rich cream that corresponds to the pH value of the skin ensures that the skin cells are sufficiently moisturised and that their natural suppleness is maintained.

3. Oily T-zone

The T-zone of the face, i.e. the forehead, nose and chin, tends to look oily and shiny. The cause is hormonal and genetic and is based on an overreaction of receptors to hormonal signals.

The consequence of this is an increase in sebum production. In addition to large pores, the properties of oily skin also include a penchant for eating and pimples.

Preventive measures

    Professional cosmetic cleansing removes grease residues, sebum deposits and dirt particles, so that the skin is protected from constipation. In addition, you should tailor your care more specifically to your skin type and avoid moisturising products.

    Reduce stress: our skin reacts strongly to internal and external stimuli, so that stress factors also stimulate the sebaceous glands. Treat yourself and your skin from time to time. A weekly refreshing and cleansing mask can provide more balance for oily skin areas.

4. Rash and blemishes

The rash appears as red pustules, nodules and papules, sometimes causing severe itching and burning. The unpleasant spots are usually a symptom of completely different diseases.

Sometimes allergic reactions, infections due to bacteria or insect bites and stings can be responsible. In this case, treatment must be administered urgently with medical advice. If the reason is not immediately apparent, the following advice will help:

Preventive measures

    Provide sufficient fresh air on the skin, e.g. through breathable clothing. Tight, well-sealed clothing promotes the growth of bacteria and fungi due to persistent moisture.

    Active protection at home is usually the first step in preventing rashes and skin irritations. The reason: many aggressive detergents and cleansing agents, but also freshly purchased clothing, contain chemicals that can attack or even destroy the natural skin barrier. Therefore, pay attention to the ingredients in the detergent, use rubber gloves if necessary and always wash new clothes before wearing them for the first time.

5. Premature aging of the skin

The average onset of the skin aging process is between 20 and 30 years of age. Over time, connective tissue cells form fewer collagen fibers and blood vessels. In addition, subcutaneous fat tissue decreases and the water and fat content of human skin decreases.

The consequences are noticeable wrinkles and sagging and thin skin with less elasticity. In addition to genetic and hormonal reasons, many influencing factors, such as lifestyle, are also crucial.

Preventive measures

-Sun protection is particularly important to reduce premature skin aging. The reason: UVA rays from the sun penetrate deep into the epidermis and lead to the breakdown of collagen. Collagen ensures the elasticity and resilience of the skin, which is why a deficiency can lead to visible relaxation of the skin. Therefore, for prevention, always apply day care products with an increased sun protection factor.

-In addition, nutrition is important when it comes to skin ageing – just like many other skin problems. Foods containing many saturated fatty acids as well as highly processed foods of animal origin contain arachidonic acid. If eaten in excess, the acid promotes inflammation and has a negative effect on the elasticity of the skin.